A professional teeth cleaning and polishing is done to eliminate the dental problems such as gum disease, cavity, sensitivity, and tooth loss. If proper oral hygiene not taken, a thin Biofilm forms on teeth called “Plaque” which later on calcified and become hard known as “Calculus” which damages the gums, teeth and underlying bone. It is very necessary cleaning your teeth by professionally for a healthy mouth.
When we eat something, and we do not clean our mouth properly, then there will be a chance of having oral problems due to an accumulation of the plaque bacteria. Every person should visit the dentist at least two times in a year for oral screening and teeth cleaning. Also, preventive care to be taken to maintaining good oral health.
The dentist will clean your teeth professionally with the help of ultrasonic scaler, which removes hard deposits such as calculus, plaque, and stains from the teeth. After cleaning, the dentist will advice how to maintain good oral hygiene, right brushing technique you need to follow every day. Also, use mouthwash prescribed by your dentist. Do not skip your dental appointment.
Treatment for periodontal disease is more necessary to eliminate the infection spread from the gum tissue to bone and supporting structures of the teeth. Deeper pockets under gumline form around the teeth and the attachment of the gums to the teeth fail which causes the gums to pull away from the teeth & the tooth roots become exposed.
Spaces between the teeth and roots appear and food becomes caught between them more easily. The area become more difficult to clean calculus attached to the teeth.
Initial treatment for mild to moderate periodontal disease usually involves:
If the infection spread deep into gum forming pockets or is not reached manually with scalers, then gum surgery may be advice to access, clean and repair the diseased areas.
The dentist usually creates a three-sided flap in the gum tissue, with one side still attached to the blood supply. By opening the flap, the dental surgeon can then access deep pockets to remove plaque & repair receded gum tissue or lost bone. Once it is done, the surgeon then sutures the flap back to its position.
The treatment may also be needed to re-grow lost tissue and bone which involve the use of several grafting procedures. In this procedure graft tissue is obtain from the roof of the patient’s mouth or another source, It is then attach where needed. Once it I placed, the graft acts as a scaffold for new gum tissue to grow upon and develop.
These micro-surgical techniques require meticulous skill not only to place the graft as it is most conducive to growth, but also to achieve the most attractive result.
All the surgical procedures are usually performed with local anesthesia, or with other sedation methods. Special cleaning instructions will be given to the patients to protect the site from further infection. For any minor can be managed with anti inflammatory medication for a few days.